Source: Chimica Oggi – Chemistry Today.
Volume: 30 Pages: 10-13. December (2012).
Femtosecond laser irradiation followed by chemical etching (F.L.I.C.E.) is an emerging technique for the fabrication of directly buried, three-dimensional microfluidic channels in silica. The procedure attested in literature, which has been widely studied in the past years, consists of irradiating a glass slab and subsequently apply a chemical etching step. The results obtained by different research groups vary widely. In this paper we present a review of the most recent advancements of this technique discussing several critical factors that affect the aspect ratio, the length and the etching speed of the microchannel.